Hormones are chemical substances that are produced in the endocrine system. Each of specific hormones regulates a specific function in the body.
The overproduction of certain hormones causes change in the functions of some organs, and it means that hormonal imbalance in the body occurred.
Hormonal imbalances in women which is followed by specific symptoms generally occurs due to an imbalance of two key hormones: estrogen and progesterone which are also the most important hormones in the female body.
The reasons for this imbalance can be divided into two main groups:
- Internal or physiological
– It is about changes in the reproductive cycle. In a normal menstrual cycle, the first 10-12 days only estrogen is produced. Then ovulation ‘send’ information to the female body to produce progesterone hormones equilibrium, then there are no symptoms of hormonal imbalance.
Progesterone supports endometrial order to receive the fertilized ovum in the case of pregnancy. If fertilization occurs, the body ceases to produce two hormones and menstruation occurs.
But sometimes it happens not occur ovulation (typically premenopausal) and then estrogen produced in the month is not balanced by progesterone, which may only be produced during ovulation i.e. estrogen continues to be produced in the monthly cycle (one month period) and missed ovulation means that no manufactured progesterone.
External factors that affect hormonal imbalance in women may be other sources of estrogen, except those which are naturally produced in the body.
Today many women have hormonal imbalance (lack of progesterone), long before it reaches the period of menopause.